Preventive Security (PS) – PA
The Preventive Security (PS) is an internal intelligence agency that was established to counter opposition to the PLO’s peace agreements with Israel, especially Hamas. The PS operates under the the Palestinian Authority's Ministry of Interior, but also appears to report directly to the president. It has grown to become one of the most powerful security forces.
In Gaza, the agency was led by Mohammed Dahlan until he and his forces were driven out by Hamas in 2007. Jibril Rajoub, a powerful member of the Fatah Central Committee, headed the organisation in the West Bank until he was removed by Yasser Arafat in 2002. The PS is currently led by Major General Ziad Hab al-Reeh, appointed by Yasser Arafat in 2003.
The PS works closely with the American CIA; in 2007, the PS in Gaza was supported by the CIA to retake control from Hamas by force. It also coordinates closely with Israel’s Internal Security Agency in arresting, interrogating, and sometimes torturing Palestinians who are then arrested by Israel.
In 2005, following Arafat’s death, and as part of the security sector reform process, the PS’s ‘Security and Protection Department’, or the so-called ‘Death Squad’, was dismantled.