General Intelligence Service (GIS) – PA
The Palestinian General Intelligence Service (GIS) falls under the direct command of the president of the Palestinian Authority (PA). Its structure and organisation replicate those of the PLO’s intelligence forces before the creation of the PA. It collects intelligence, counters espionage, cooperates with foreign intelligence services, and commands a paramilitary force. Its members wear plain clothes and carry out both covert and public operations. The head of the service holds the rank of PA minister.
The GIS is very powerful and has been used to target political opponents and dissenting activists. It was established and led until 2008 by Tawfiq Tirawi (currently a member of Fatah's Central Committee). GIS is currently led by Major General Majed Faraj.