Donald Trump’s assault on the Iran nuclear deal raised the question of whether Europeans can pursue a policy agenda on the world stage; the idea of European sovereignty. It is time for Europe to develop a new approach, to try to define European interests and develop a hard-headed strategy for achieving them.
- Can Europeans develop a habit of thinking for themselves?
- Can Europeans invest in military and economic autonomy?
- Can Europe develop a catalogue of leverage towards other great powers (US and China)?
- Do Europeans have a political strategy for reaching out to others?
- Is the EU sufficiently united at home to exercise sovereignty internationally?
These are all big and urgent questions. Rather than being perpetually surprised and outraged by actions coming out of the White House, it is time for Europeans to come together and develop a habit of thinking for themselves – and the tools to have their own foreign policy.
Can the European Union find a stable equilibrium? (Commentary)
Sebastian Dullien - 01 April 2019
Giving up sovereignty at the national level seems the only way to retain some kind of European sovereignty, writes Sebastian Dullien in his farewell commentary for ECFR.
Trading with Iran via the special purpose vehicle: How it can work (Commentary)
Ellie Geranmayeh, Esfandyar Batmanghelidj - 07 February 2019
On 31 January, Germany, France and Britain announced the establishment of a special purpose vehicle aimed at facilitating legitimate trade with Iran
How to restore democracy in Venezuela (Commentary)
Felipe González and José Ignacio Torreblanca - 07 February 2019
A conversation between Felipe González and José Ignacio Torreblanca on the situation in Venezuela and the legitimacy of Juan Guaidó’s claim to the presidency
The flawed bank redemption: Europe and the politics of money laundering (Commentary)
Chris Raggett - 06 February 2019
Europe urgently needs to get its house in order on money laundering – and win voters’ trust back in the process
Shaping Europe’s Present and Future (Commentary)
An Interview with Federica Mogherini, conducted by Mark Leonard - 11 January 2019
After a decade of economic and political crises, the project of European integration continues to face existential challenges. But while some observers worry about the EU’s future, its High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy is confident that through continued cooperation, Europeans can secure their interests even in an era of global upheaval.
Belgium’s integration blues (Commentary)
Simon Desplanque - 07 January 2019
Growing tensions on the left and the right have driven the country to adapt a more cautious stance towards European matters
The “European army”, a tale of wilful misunderstanding (Commentary)
Ulrike Esther Franke - 03 December 2018
The European army concept is ambiguous - what do European leaders actually want to achieve?
Taking back control: How European citizens are slowly gaining power (Commentary)
Caroline de Gruyter - 03 December 2018
Transfer of power to Brussels may weaken member states, but it empowers citizens - it is a pity EU citizens do not know their own power
The US and China are the closest of enemies (Commentary)
Mark Leonard - 27 November 2018
After years of economic symbiosis in which the US purchased low-cost Chinese imports and China purchased US Treasuries, China has begun to pursue the prerogatives of a superpower, and the US has responded in kind. As a result, both countries are becoming more alike, particularly in their belief that there can be only one winner.
Investment screening: A victory for Europe (Commentary)
François Godement - 21 November 2018
This week, the EU reached a political agreement on a framework for screening foreign direct investment at unprecedented speed, and took a step forward in building trust
Mark Leonard speaks with Erica Moret and Manuel Lafont Rapnouil about European sanctions policies, secondary sanctions and counter measures. The podcast was recorded on the 27 September 2018.
Keeping Europe Safe after Brexit - Findings of a reflection group led by Marta Dassù, Wolfgang Ischinger, Pierre Vimont, and Robert Cooper. Edited by Susi Dennison
Cassandra by Christa Wolf
Un publicista en apuros by Natalia Moret
Why Europe should focus on its growing interdependence with Africa by Jeremy Cliffe
La Rue vers L’Europe by Stephen Smith
Mark Leonard and Richard Gowan go through the likely talking points at the meeting and discuss what might be on some countries' hidden agendas. The podcast was recorded on 19 September 2018.
The Secret of the World: A History of Intelligence by Christopher Andrew
Enough Said by Mark Thompson
Mark Leonard speaks with Mark Schieritz from Die Zeit and ECFR's Sebastian Dullien about a new framework for transatlantic relations. The podcast was recorded on 6 September 2018.
Crashed by Adam Tooze
The Book of Why: The New Science of Cause and Effect by Judea Pearl
The German barrier to a global euro by Sebastian Dullien
Weg vom Dollar by Mark Schieritz
Es reicht! by Tina Hildebrandt, Kerstin Kohlenberg, Jörg Lau, Mark Schieritz und Michael Thumann
Mark Leonard speaks with Bastian Giegerich, Director of Defence and Military Analysis at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, about the three baskets that form strategic autonomy: decision-making, capabilities and defence industrial capacity. The podcast was recorded on 27 July 2018.
Mark Leonard speaks with Francois Godement and Jeremy Shapiro about what kind of leverage Europe can have over America and other great powers. And should Europe behave differently in institutions such as G7 and UN? The podcast was recorded on 26 July 2018.
Mark Leonard speaks with Tomas Valasek and Nick Witney about what the real military dependence of Europeans on America looks like and what is possible within the existing security budget. The podcast was recorded on 26 July 2018.
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