Most read

Strait to war? Russia and Ukraine clash in the Sea of Azov (Commentary)

Andrew Wilson - 02 October 2018

New Russian naval activities around Crimea could presage a new, maritime front in the war in eastern Ukraine

Russia, Ukraine, and the battle for religion (Commentary)

Andrew Wilson - 11 October 2018

The Ukrainian church pushes for independence from Moscow. The split will undermine Putin’s vision of a ‘Russian world’ and accelerate Ukraine’s cultural separation from Russia

Strategy on ice: Has Russia already won the scramble for the Arctic? (Commentary)

Joanna Hosa - 26 October 2018

Russia has already – literally – staked its claim to vast tracts of the Arctic, and now China is looking northward too. Can other countries catch up when they are already so far behind?

Germany’s defence policy: still living in dreamland (Commentary)

Ulrike Esther Franke - 21 September 2018

Beyond its borders, few agree that Germany has much to feel satisfied about when it comes to matching its actions to its leaders’ rhetoric.

Is Germany breaking bad? (Commentary)

Gustav Gressel - 28 August 2018

In an international order that is beginning to resemble a competition between rival cartels, Angela Merkel risks becoming a kind of geopolitical Walter White

Trump’s Iran sanctions: an explainer on their impact for Europe (Commentary)

Ellie Geranmayeh - 12 September 2018

ECFR presents the first in a mini-series on the likely impact of US sanctions on economic ties between Europe and Iran.

The messengers of karma: Erdoğan, Trump, and their domestic opposition (Commentary)

Jeremy Shapiro - 05 September 2018

Despite the promises of globalisation, cosmopolitan politics only takes you so far. In an age of nationalism, it is not a good idea to look to outside forces for help with internal problems. 

Iran: The case for protecting humanitarian trade (Commentary)

Ellie Geranmayeh & James Miller - 13 September 2018

New US sanctions will put the health of ordinary Iranians at risk. Europe can take concrete steps to minimise this – steps which also support its ongoing commitment to the nuclear deal

China and the last of the multilateralists (Commentary)

François Godement - 03 October 2018

As the trade war between China and the United States heats up, Europeans should think hard about who they turn to for assistance 

Berlin’s untenable foreign-policy strategic vacuum (Commentary)

Josef Janning - 04 October 2018

Berlin can no longer afford to float ideas that have no practical consequences, and keep muddling through

Can Europe become a nuclear power? (Commentary)

Manuel Lafont Rapnouil & Tara Varma & Nick Witney - 03 September 2018

Only if Europeans resume a serious debate about their responsibilities for their own security

Europe’s China vetoes (Commentary)

Mathieu Duchâtel & Angela Stanzel - 08 August 2018

France, Germany, Italy, and the UK are strengthening their economic defences against China. Will more follow?

The overconfident new president: Austria’s coalition-building challenges (Commentary)

Josef Janning - 16 August 2018

Austria has few potential coalition partners who share its European policy priorities

Can Iran weather the oil-sanctions storm? (Commentary)

Sara Vakhshouri - 20 September 2018

As the US steps up its sanctions against Iran, the negative effects ripple throughout the global energy markets

Russian cyber sins and storms (Commentary)

Nicu Popescu - 10 October 2018

Cyber-espionage is business as usual for most great-power governments - so why the growing storm of indignation directed at Russia's cyber activities?