The political repercussions of the refugee crisis are now being felt in all countries of Europe, from the impending humanitarian disaster with thousands of refugees unable to travel onwards from Greece because of border closures, to the development of rival coalitions of member states favouring different coalitions. The optimists for an EU response centre around Germany, the drawbridge option centres around Austria as evidenced by the Vienna summit in late February, and other states such as Sweden are searching independently for national solutions seeing little hope of cooperation moving the situation forward. Against this backdrop, ECFR has mapped the key policy challenges which must be addressed if the EU is to pull through this crisis together.


ECFR would like to thank Compagnia di San Paolo and Stiftung Mercator for supporting our work on the refugee crisis.