ECFR Annual Foreign Policy Trends

3 January, 2020

Every January, Mark Leonard and Jeremy Shapiro predict the trends and events that will shape the world in the year to come. They also review and self-evaluate the accuracy of their predictions from the previous year.

Policy Brief

Not smart enough: The poverty of European military thinking on artificial intelligence

Ulrike Esther Franke - 18 December, 2019

Failing to coordinate properly in the AI area could threaten future European defence cooperation, including PESCO and the European Defence


Mapping European leverage in the MENA region

René Wildangel, Tarek Megerisi, Julien Barnes-Dacey, Anthony Dworkin, Ellie Geranmayeh, Hugh Lovatt - 12 December, 2019

Turmoil in the Middle East and north Africa directly affects Europeans. Yet their influence in the region has never been weaker. This project maps Europe’s role across the Middle East and north Africa, making the case that Europeans can do more to leverage their influence…

Policy Brief

The last of the offended: Russia’s first post-Putin diplomats

Kadri Liik - 19 November, 2019

Russia’s new generation of foreign policy professionals bring with them a shift in attitudes that challenges centrality of “the West” in Russian foreign policy.

Policy Brief

Sacred struggles: How Islam shapes politics in Mali

Andrew Lebovich - 1 November, 2019

Religious issues and leadership play an increasingly important role in Mali, but international actors are ill-equipped to understand and analyse this.

Policy Brief

Beyond good and evil: Why Europe should bring ISIS foreign fighters home

Anthony Dworkin - 25 October, 2019

EU member states have failed to come up with a coherent policy on how to handle the hundreds of their citizens having travelled to join ISIS in Syria.

Policy Brief

China’s great game in the Middle East

Camille Lons (project editor), Jonathan Fulton, Degang Sun, Naser Al-Tamimi - 21 October, 2019

Europeans should monitor China’s influence on regional stability and political dynamics, especially in relation to surveillance technology and arms sales

Policy Brief

All at sea: Europe’s crisis of solidarity on migration

Shoshana Fine - 14 October, 2019

The European Union’s approach to migration has created a crisis of solidarity.

Policy Brief

False moves: Migration and development aid

Shoshana Fine, Susi Dennison, Richard Gowan - 8 October, 2019

Europe should not confuse development aid’s role in reducing forced migration with that of reducing migration more broadly

Policy Brief

The instinctive multilateralist: Portugal and the politics of cooperation

Susi Dennison and Lívia Franco - 2 October, 2019

The Portuguese hope that the EU can help them tackle the challenges of globalisation: from climate change to cooperation on the impact of freedom of movement