Digital: Publications

Policy Brief

Not smart enough: The poverty of European military thinking on artificial intelligence

Ulrike Esther Franke - 18 December, 2019

Failing to coordinate properly in the AI area could threaten future European defence cooperation, including PESCO and the European Defence

Policy Brief

Harnessing artificial intelligence

Ulrike Franke - 25 June, 2019

If Europe does not address these difficult questions soon it will find itself surrounded by more powerful rivals deploying AI against it

Policy Brief

No middle ground: Moving on from the crypto wars

Stefan Soesanto - 5 July, 2018

The ‘second crypto war’ is in full swing; European governments need to stop trying to defeat encryption and get more sophisticated themselves instead.

Europe’s digital power: from geo-economics to cybersecurity

Stefan Soesanto - 18 April, 2017

This paper puts forward an understanding of digital power which rests on, first, the strength of the digital economy and, second, cyber capability.

Policy Brief

Connectivity Wars

Ulrike Esther Franke, Mark Leonard - 20 January, 2016

Why migration, finance and trade are the geo-economic battlegrounds of the future