The Middle East and North Africa: Publications

Policy Brief

A Gulf apart: How Europe can gain influence with the Gulf Cooperation Council

Cinzia Bianco - 25 February, 2020

Europeans can shift the balance of power in the Gulf in their favour by approaching the Gulf through flexible new frameworks

Policy Brief

War and pieces: Political divides in southern Yemen

Helen Lackner, Raiman Al-Hamdani - 22 January, 2020

The European Union should continue to support development and state-building in Yemen and develop platforms on which southerners can achieve self-determination


Mapping European leverage in the MENA region

René Wildangel, Tarek Megerisi, Julien Barnes-Dacey, Anthony Dworkin, Ellie Geranmayeh, Hugh Lovatt - 12 December, 2019

Turmoil in the Middle East and north Africa directly affects Europeans. Yet their influence in the region has never been weaker. This project maps Europe’s role across the Middle East and north Africa, making the case that Europeans can do more to leverage their influence…

Policy Brief

Sacred struggles: How Islam shapes politics in Mali

Andrew Lebovich - 1 November, 2019

Religious issues and leadership play an increasingly important role in Mali, but international actors are ill-equipped to understand and analyse this.

Policy Brief

Beyond good and evil: Why Europe should bring ISIS foreign fighters home

Anthony Dworkin - 25 October, 2019

EU member states have failed to come up with a coherent policy on how to handle the hundreds of their citizens having travelled to join ISIS in Syria.

Policy Brief

China’s great game in the Middle East

Camille Lons (project editor), Jonathan Fulton, Degang Sun, Naser Al-Tamimi - 21 October, 2019

Europeans should monitor China’s influence on regional stability and political dynamics, especially in relation to surveillance technology and arms sales


Differentiation Tracker

Hugh Lovatt - 1 October, 2019

ECFR’s Differentiation Tracker provides a snapshot of third state relations with Israel – and the extent to which these contain a clearly defined territorial definition that explicitly excludes Israeli settlements constructed on occupied territory in line with UNSCR…

Policy Brief

Libya’s global civil war

Tarek Megerisi - 26 June, 2019

Policy Brief

Meeting the challenge of secondary sanctions

Ellie Geranmayeh, Manuel Lafont Rapnouil - 25 June, 2019

The EU and its member states should strengthen their sanctions policy and begin to build up their deterrence and resilience against secondary sanctions

Policy Brief

Saudi First: How hyper-nationalism is transforming Saudi Arabia

Eman Alhussein - 19 June, 2019

Saudi Arabia is embracing a new nationalism that is transforming domestic politics and the country’s foreign policy