Salam Fayyad, born in 1951 in the West Bank, is a member of the Third Way party which he founded in the run-up to the 2006 Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) election. Fayyad is known for his programme of Palestinian economic liberalisation and institution building.
Between 2007 and 2013 he was prime minister of the Palestinian Authority. He twice served as PA finance minister (between 2002-2005, and in 2007). In February 2017, the United States blocked his appointment as United Nations envoy for Libya. He has since joined the Middle East Initiative (MEI) at Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs.