Rawi Fattouh, born in 1950 in the Rafah refugee camp, was elected to Fatah's Central Committee in 2016 where he heads its International Foreign Affairs Commission. He has been a member of the Palestinian National Council (PNC) since 1983. He served as speaker of the PLC between 2004-2006. After Yasser Arafat’s death in 2004, he served as the interim PA president for two months until the election of Mahmoud Abbas in January 2005. From 2006-2016, he served as the personal representative of the PA president.
Fattouh was a member of the General Union of Palestinian Students (GUPS) in Syria. After the 1967 war, he moved to Jordan and joined Fatah’s armed wing, “al-Asifah”, and received military training in Iraq. He became a member of Fatah’s Commission for Popular Organisation in the 1980s, and a member of its Revolutionary Council in 1989. Upon returning to the occupied territories after the Oslo Accords, Fattouh was elected to the PLC from 1996 to 2003, and served as the head of Fatah’s parliamentary bodies. In 2003, he was appointed by then-prime minister Ahmad Qurei to be the minister of agriculture, before rejoining the PLC as speaker between 2004-2006.