Justice System

The Palestinian justice system includes the Attorney General’s Office, the Bar Association, and a court system supervised and regulated by the High Judicial Council which nominates judges for approval by the president of the PA. The PA court system is composed of sharia courts, military courts, the Court of First Instance, Court of Conciliation, the Courts of Appeal, the High Court of Justice (which has primary jurisdiction over electoral matters), and the newly created Constitutional Court (which interprets the Basic Law and legislative texts). 

The Palestinian judiciary faces a number of challenges, including the intra-Palestinian split that has led to the development of a parallel justice system in Gaza under Hamas, as well as continued obstacles resulting from Israel’s occupation and limited Palestinian sovereignty.