Hussein al-Sheikh, born in 1960 in Ramallah, was elected to the Fatah Central Committee in 2009. He has been the head of the General Authority of Civil Affairs since 2007. In this capacity, he serves as one of the primary contacts with Israeli authorities regarding civilian matters in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. Al-Sheik previously served in the Palestinian Authority (PA) as minister for the coordination of civil affairs between 2013 and 2019.
Following the 2014 Gaza war, al-Sheikh was appointed as the PA’s representative on the trilateral Gaza reconstruction committee alongside Israeli and Egyptian representatives. Hussain al-Sheikh is also a member of the Palestinian National Council (PNC) and the PLO Central Council; as well as president of al-Bireh's youth sports club.
Al-Sheikh was detained eleven times by Israeli forces between 1977 and 1988. He then became a member of the Unified National Leadership of the Uprising (UNLU) during the First Intifada. Following the Oslo Accords and the establishment of the PA, he served briefly in the Preventive Security Force (PSF), before becoming secretary-general of Fatah in the West Bank in 1999.