Civil Police (PCP) – PA/Hamas
In Area A of the West Bank, the Civil Police is the Palestinian Authority’s main law enforcement apparatus. It handles ordinary police functions such as combating crime and upholding public order, and is also in charge of the PA’s prisons. The Civil Police has various sub-branches including criminal investigation, drug enforcement, public order, traffic, emergency response, and women’s police. In theory, the PCP reports to the Minister of Interior. It receives training from the EU's Police Mission for the Palestinian Territories (EUPOL COPPS).
In Gaza, the Civil Police force is made up is made up of members of the armed wings of Hamas and the Popular Resistance Committees (PRCs), as well as members of smaller factions in Gaza.
The Gaza police force was initially known as the Executive Force, which was formed in 2007 by order of the Minister of Interior under the National Unity Government (the minister, Said Seyam, was assassinated by Israel during the 2008-09 military offensive). The Executive Force was initially led by the PRC's Jamal Abu Samhadana and allowed Hamas to administer executive power after Fatah security forces refused to work under the government’s authority. The dispute was a precursor to the Fatah-Hamas fighting in 2007.