Future conflicts: trade, finance and migration as weapons of the 21st century

Future conflicts: trade, finance and migration as weapons of the 21st century

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The three new battlegrounds are economic warfare, weaponising institutions, and infrastructure competition.

ECFR’s Director Mark Leonard argues that the three new battlegrounds are economic warfare, weaponising institutions, and infrastructure competition. You can find more on this in the essay collection Connectivity Wars here.

The European Council on Foreign Relations does not take collective positions. This commentary, like all publications of the European Council on Foreign Relations, represents only the views of its authors.

Read more on: European Power, EU instruments, Geoeconomics

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