Articles on The Middle East and North Africa

The end of the post-Khashoggi era? Europe's collapsing unity on Saudi Arabia (Commentary)

Julien Barnes-Dacey - 06 March 2019

As key EU member states quietly resume their strategic partnership with Saudi Arabia, Europe's unified position towards the Kingdom, together with its leverage over it, has begun to fray. 

Protests and the ailing president: Algeria's political crisis (Commentary)

Andrew Lebovich - 04 March 2019

Algerians have taken to the streets to voice their discontent with President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's plan to run for a fifth term in office. Could this be the beginning of more fundamental reform? 

In legal limbo: EU returnees in the post-ISIS era (Commentary)

Anthony Dworkin - 26 February 2019

European governments are avoiding international obligations to take their own citizens back. And the Trump administration has noticed. 

League and nations: Europe’s unity struggle at the Sharm El-Sheikh summit (Commentary)

Anthony Dworkin - 15 February 2019

The optics of the EU-Arab League summit could prove difficult for European leaders. Yet they barely agree on what they themselves want from it

The economic war on Syria: Why Europe risks losing (Commentary)

Nour Samaha - 11 February 2019

Sanctions can never be ‘smart’; new EU and US measures on Syria are only likely to strengthen the regime, not weaken it

Trading with Iran via the special purpose vehicle: How it can work (Commentary)

Ellie Geranmayeh, Esfandyar Batmanghelidj - 07 February 2019

On 31 January, Germany, France and Britain announced the establishment of a special purpose vehicle aimed at facilitating legitimate trade with Iran

In Afghanistan, a fragile hope emerges (Commentary)

Vygaudas Ušackas - 01 February 2019

Should peace talks succeed, Europeans and other international partners will need to demonstrate staying power in times of peace as well as war

What Europe should do about Syria (Commentary)

Julien Barnes-Dacey - 28 January 2019

European states pushing to re-engage must not offer Assad cost-free re-legitimisation

Warsaw ‘Iran’ summit: What lies beneath (Commentary)

Piotr Buras & Ellie Geranmayeh & Jeremy Shapiro - 24 January 2019

ECFR experts share their insight into the manouevres around next month’s US-Poland summit. What does it mean for the JPCOA, and what steps should European countries take in response?

Tunisia – between instability and renewal (Commentary)

Anthony Dworkin - 21 January 2019

Strikes and elections are raising the tension in Tunisian society and politics. The socio-economic divisions that led to the 2011 revolution still afflict the country and are causing increased public disaffection.