Articles on The Middle East and North Africa

How Italy was marginalised in Libya (Commentary)

Mattia Giampaolo - 17 January 2020

Italy has achieved little through independent diplomacy in Libya. It may have more success by acting within a European framework.

How to repair Europe’s credibility in Libya (Commentary)

Tarek Megerisi - 16 January 2020

European countries and the EU can still use the strength of their diplomatic assets to reassert their influence in Libya. But they will first need to overcome their internal divisions to do so.      

Europe’s new gamble: Dispute resolution and the Iran nuclear deal (Commentary)

Ellie Geranmayeh - 15 January 2020

The dispute resolution mechanism presents the E3 with risks but it could also buy them time to keep the nuclear deal on life support until the US presidential election in November.

After Qaboos: The future of Oman and Gulf geopolitics (Commentary)

Cinzia Bianco - 14 January 2020

The fractious context of the Gulf means Oman’s new ruler could soon find himself seeking to emulate his predecessor and championing regional diplomatic dialogue

“More coordination” won’t fix the Sahel (Commentary)

Andrew Lebovich - 10 January 2020

Picking sides and intervening via local proxies often makes matters only worse, not better, in the countries of the Sahel.

A call for increased European de-escalation efforts in the Middle East (Commentary)

- 08 January 2020

Prominent Europeans call for increased European de-escalation efforts in the Middle East.

Soleimani strike: Loosening future restraints on military action? (Commentary)

Anthony Dworkin - 07 January 2020

The drone strike against Soleimani marks a novel shift in targeted killing, dangerous to the global order.

Crisis in Iran will drive wedge between Europe and Washington (Commentary)

Ellie Geranmayeh - 06 January 2020

The assassination of Iranian general Qassem Soleimani is a turning point for relations between the United States and Iran. It also pulls U.S. allies in Europe deeper into uncharted waters, and threatens to leave European forces on the ground caught in the crossfire of escalation between Tehran and Washington.

Top ten foreign policy trends in 2020 (Commentary)

Mark Leonard & Jeremy Shapiro - 03 January 2020

Top ten trends that will occupy European foreign policymakers in 2020

Your 2019 top ten on ECFR (Commentary)

Andreas Bock - 20 December 2019

ECFR readers’ top choices this year – all in one place.