EUROPEAN FOREIGN POLICY SCORECARD 2015

Middle East and North Africa

For the first year since 2011, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region was not the home of the crisis that will define 2014 for Europe. Nevertheless, the MENA region was characterised this year by conflict, state collapse, the entrenchment and persistence of authoritarian regimes, and the increasingly overt stage management of events by Saudi Arabia and Iran, in the face of which the EU (and, to a large extent, the US) saw the limits of its influence. And although Russian aggression and rewriting of the rulebook of post-Cold War geopolitics took place to Europe’s east, it nevertheless had implications for the EU’s ability to grapple with the spectrum of crises taking place to its south. Feeling keenly the threats on all sides, 2014 was the year in which Europe completed its post-2011 transition to viewing the MENA region predominantly through the prism of security. [...]

 

Regional Issues - Grade: C-
Category Unity Resources Outcome Total Grade
34 - Rule of law, human rights, and democracy in the MENA region 2/5 3/5 3/10 8/20 C
35 - Regional security in the MENA region 2/5 2/5 1/10 5/20 D+

 

North Africa - Grade: C
Category Unity Resources Outcome Total Grade
36 - Egypt 3/5 2/5 3/10 8/20 C
37 - Libya 2/5 2/5 3/10 7/20 C-
38 - The Maghreb 4/5 2/5 5/10 11/20 B-

 

Levant - Grade: C
Category Unity Resources Outcome Total Grade
39 - Syria and Iraq 2/5 2/5 2/10 6/20 C-
40 - Israel and Palestine 3/5 4/5 4/10 11/20 B-

 

Gulf - Grade: B-
Category Unity Resources Outcome Total Grade
41 - Iran 4/5 5/5 7/10 16/20 A-
42 - Relations with Gulf Cooperation Council States 3/5 3/5 5/10 11/20 B-
43 - Yemen 2/5 2/5 3/10 7/20 C-