EUROPEAN FOREIGN POLICY SCORECARD 2014

Middle East and North Africa

If 2012 was a year in which the EU’s lack of a political approach to the changing Middle East and North Africa region disappointed, 2013 was the year in which the irrelevance of the ENP to major developments in the southern Mediterranean became clear. The EU’s performance worsened in the Middle East and North Africa in 2013. The challenges in the region are undoubtedly huge: a complex environment riven by a civil war in Syria, a military-dominated Egypt, growing sectarian tensions, and a barely concealed power struggle between Iran and Saudi Arabia. What makes it even more challenging for the EU is the attempt by the US – for decades the partner in the region whose lead the EU followed – to gradually extract itself from entanglements in the Middle East and “pivot” towards Asia. This dynamic situation presents opportunities as well as obstacles, but the EU has not yet found a new role in the region. [...]

 

Regional Issues - Grade: C+
Category Unity Resources Outcome Total Grade
45 - Rule of law, human rights and democracy 3/5 3/5 3/10 9/20 C+
46 - European neighbourhood policy in the MENA region 4/5 2/5 3/10 9/20 C+
47 – Regional security 3/5 2/5 3/10 8/20 C

 

North Africa - Grade: C+
Category Unity Resources Outcome Total Grade
48 - Egypt 3/5 3/5 3/10 9/20 C+
49 - Libya 4/5 2/5 5/10 11/20 B-

 

Levant - Grade: C+
Category Unity Resources Outcome Total Grade
50 - Syria 1/5 2/5 2/10 5/20 D+
51 - Regional fallout of the Syrian conflict 2/5 3/5 3/10 8/20 C
52 - Middle East peace process and state-building in Palestine 4/5 4/5 6/10 14/20 B+

 

Persian Gulf - Grade: B+
Category Unity Resources Outcome Total Grade
53 - Iran 4/5 5/5 9/10 18/20 A
54 - Relations with Gulf Cooperation Council States and Yemen 3/5 3/5 5/10 11/20 B-