Russia

2012 was a good year for European unity and resolve in relation to Russia – for a long time one of the most divisive issues in European foreign policy. But although the year started with excitement and expectations of possible changes inside Russia, it ended in disappointment after Vladimir Putin was re-elected as president in March. Putin’s new regime is weaker than it previously was, but therefore resorts to coarser measures to deal with dissent. Although the pro-Putin consensus of the first decade of the century has collapsed, there are no credible challengers, and neither the regime nor the opposition has a viable strategy for the future. European disappointment and Moscow’s unwillingness to cooperate with the EU on almost any issue made real dialogue almost impossible in 2012. [..]

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Trade Liberalisation and overall relationship - Grade: B
Category Unity Resources Outcome Total Grade
13 - Trade liberalisation with Russia 5/5 4/5 5/10 14/20 B+
14 - Visa liberalisation with Russia 5/5 3/5 4/10 12/20 B-

 

Human Rights and Governance - Grade: C
Category Unity Resources Outcome Total Grade
15 - Rule of law and human rights in Russia 4/5 3/5 2/10 9/20 C+
16 - Media freedom in Russia 4/5 2/5 2/10 8/20 C
17 - Stability and human rights in the North Caucasus 4/5 2/5 2/10 8/20 C

 

European security issues - Grade: B-
Category Unity Resources Outcome Total Grade
18 - Relations with Russia on the Eastern Partnership 4/5 4/5 3/10 11/20 B-
19 - Relations with Russia on protracted conflicts 4/5 3/5 3/10 10/20 C+
20 - Relations with Russia on energy issues 4/5 4/5 5/10 13/20 B
21 - Diversification of gas supply routes to Europe 3/5 3/5 4/10 10/20 C+

 

Cooperation on regional and global issues - Grade: B-
Category Unity Resources Outcome Total Grade
22 - Relations with Russia on Iran and Proliferation 5/5 4/5 4/10 13/20 B
23 - Relations with Russia on the Greater Middle East 5/5 4/5 4/10 13/20 B
24 - Relations with Russia on climate change 3/5 2/5 3/10 8/20 C
25 - Relations with Russia on the Arctic 4/5 4/5 5/10 13/20 B

 


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