China

2012 was a year of change in China as the new generation of leaders, headed by Xi Jinping, who will run China for the next five years, took over. The new number two, Li Keqiang, is widely viewed as a reformer and his pet project on sustainable urbanisation has already been identified by the EU institutions as a new area of cooperation. But, on most other issues, the new leaders are likely to be as intransigent as ever. Meanwhile, Europe was forced to think about how it should respond to the US “pivot” to Asia and what its response would mean for its relationship with what will likely become the world’s largest economy in the next decade. Should it support the US, engage more in Asia as an independent actor, or stay out of Asian security issues altogether? [...]

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Trade Liberalisation and overall relationship - Grade: C+
Category Unity Resources Outcome Total Grade
1 - Formats of the Europe-China dialogue 3/5 3/5 5/10 11/20 B-
2 - Investment and market access in China 3/5 4/5 4/10 11/20 B-
3 - Reciprocity in access to public procurement in Europe and China 2/5 2/5 4/10 8/20 C
4 - Trade disputes with China 4/5 3/5 6/10 13/20 B
5 - Cooperation with China on the euro Crisis 2/5 2/5 4/10 8/20 C

Human Rights and Governance - Grade: C
Category Unity Resources Outcome Total Grade
6 - Rule of law and human rights in China 3/5 3/5 2/10 8/20 C
7 - Relations with China on the Dalai Lama and Tibet 2/5 3/5 2/10 7/20 C-

Cooperation on regional and global issues - Grade: B-
Category Unity Resources Outcome Total Grade
8 - Relations with China on Iran and proliferation 5/5 4/5 3/10 12/20 B-
9 - Relations with China in Asia 4/5 3/5 6/10 13/20 B
10 - Cooperation with China on Africa 3/5 3/5 5/10 11/20 B-
11 - Relations with China on reforming global governance 2/5 2/5 2/10 6/20 C-
12 - Relations with China on climate change 4/5 5/5 6/10 15/20 B+