The debate has been enlivened by some noisy arm wrestling between the prime minister and the leader of the Scottish National Party, Alex Salmond. In short, the SNP wants a referendum by 2014, and in an apparent outflanking move Mr Cameron agreed, adding that it should be even sooner and ask the simple ‘Independence: yes or no?’ question. This matters: although the SNP is all in favour of straightforward independence, they also know that this has a strong chance of being defeated in a ‘yes or no’ referendum (a third option involving enhanced devolved powers for Scotland while it stays within the Union seems to be the most popular option – and the SNP would surely prefer this to defeat).
But beyond these parochial arguments, the comparison with Kosovo shows that the implications would go beyond the British coastline. Independence is quite a complicated matter. In the case of Kosovo it has extended beyond the nuts and bolts of nationhood and relations with Serbian minorities, to international recognition by EU states, and the reticence of some (for instance Spain and Slovakia) to give the thumbs up.
Scotland faces a host of similar problems and issues (this piece by Honor Mahony in the EU Observer does a good job of exploring some of the complications). Here’s a flavour:
Although there might also be something of a tussle over representation at the Eurovision Song Contest, at least we can be grateful that Scotland’s status as a full country in football would smooth over relations with UEFA and FIFA. This crucial hurdle still faces Kosovo.
The other big issue – for me at least – is the flag. The Union Flag is one of the most recognisable and distinctive in the world, but as an amalgamation of the flags of St George, St Andrew and St Patrick it wouldn’t hold for a Scotlandless GB (and, anyway, where is St David of Wales?). I’ve photoshopped what the revised flag would look like, and for me this ugly little design must surely be the most forceful reason for the United Kingdom to remain united. I hope our politicians take note.
In order to negotiate a meaningful treaty, Europeans need to unify around a negotiating mandate that reconciles their different interests.
Improved cooperation constitutes a possible danger for the EU
Given public opposition, the EU should make a fresh start in winning support for TTIP.
The fifth edition of ECFR's Foreign Policy Scorecard examines EU's response to a year of crisis.
Europe needs to work towards new rules for digital surveillance