Articles on The Middle East and North Africa

Germany's contribution to the Arab Spring: arms sales (Commentary)

Hans Kundnani - 11 July 2011

Berlin's failure to support intervention in Libya but willingness to arm Saudi Arabia shows the central contradiction in a foreign policy that is increasingly driven by the needs of a geoeconomic power's export industry.


Without military reform Egypt cannot democratise (Commentary)

Daniel Korski - 05 July 2011

Egypt will struggle to progress towards democracy unless some form of military reform takes place. The first challenge is to make sure that any moves towards reform are palatable to the entrenched interests of Military Inc.


In search of a 'new Egypt' (Commentary)

Emma Bonino and Saad Eddin Ibrahim - 04 July 2011

After the euphoria of toppling Hosni Mubarak several months ago, little has been seen of the reforms demanded by protestors in Egypt. Democratisation is a long and complex process, but it is important that the rule of law and broad political participation are given prominence.


The EU and Libya: Missing in action in Misrata (Commentary)

Richard Gowan - 31 May 2011

The European Union needs to learn the lessons from the past as it wrestles with using military support to underpin its humanitarian assistance in Libya. This will allow it to develop more credible intervention forces for future crisis - ones that might actually work.


South Sudan & Palestine could heat up the UN's summer (Commentary)

Richard Gowan - 25 May 2011

The reputation of the UN and Ban Ki-moon may hinge upon the outcome in two of the world's trouble spots - South Sudan and Palestine. South Sudan in particular remains a crucial test of the institution's ability to handle weak states.


Scoring Europe's Southern neighbourhood (Commentary)

Susi Dennison & Anthony Dworkin - 01 April 2011

European countries are playing a central role in the Libyan intervention, and the EU is looking to help the transitions in Tunisia and Egypt. But before Mohammed Bouazizi set himself on fire, setting off the sequence of protests, how well did Europe perform when dealing with its southern neighbourhood last year?

Europe as a world power - discuss (Commentary)

Justin Vaisse - 30 March 2011

Agreement over Europe's performance is not the aim of ECFR's European Foreign Policy Scorecard. The aim is to encourage serious debate about the goals, tools, resources, difficult trade offs and moral dilemmas of Europe's foreign policy - even if that means that readers strongly disagree with our conclusions.

Mission manual (Commentary)

Daniel Korski - 21 March 2011

Wars are easy to start, hard to fight, and often harder still to end. Learning the right lessons from past wars, recent and old ones, is absolutely key. In Libya the international community must also keep its focus on political rather than military aims.


Libya: time to focus on the outcomes (Commentary)

Nick Witney - 16 March 2011

It is time to get real about Libya. All the huffing and puffing of Western leaders has yet to bring Gaddafi’s house crashing down. Instead, European leaders must think about what realistic outcomes they might be able to help achieve.


Will the EU win glory on the shores of Tripoli? (Commentary)

Richard Gowan - 09 March 2011

Western military planners are examining options for deposing Gaddafi. But somebody also needs to think about an international peace operation to stabilise Libya, whether to oversee the dictator's negotiated exit or clean up afterwards. Could this be a role for a UN-mandated EU?